HERITAGE OF MADHYA PRADESH
Publishing Date: Fri 29/8/2014
Keywords: Madhya Pradesh
Publisher Name: MOCI
Publishing Year: 2014
Publishing Channel: Digital,Printed
Author Name: Sh. Satish Sharma
The main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhariya, Halba, Kaul, Mariya, and Sahariya. Dhar, Jhabua and Mandla districts have more than 50 percent tribal population. In Khargone, Chhindwara, Seoni, Sidhi and Shahdol districts 30 to 50 percent population is of tribes. Maximum population is that of Gond tribes.
Gonds live all over central India i.e. in the states of Maharashtra and Odisha. Apart from Madhya Pradesh, Gonds are also found in Chattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. They are the largest Tribe in India, South Asia, and perhaps the world with nine million people out of which four million reside in Central India. Mostly Gonds live around the Satpura Hills, Son-Deogarh uplands on the Bastar plateau and Garhjat Hills of northern Odisha. Gonds believe in the equality of the human beings without the discrimination of higher and lower society. The Village Council of Gond Tribe divides the Gonds into Castes called Ahir (Cowherds), Agaria (Blacksmith), Dhuli (Drummers) and Pardhan (bard and singers). The Village has typically several hamlets & houses which are made of hatch and mud have a verandah (outer space), living room, kitchen, special room for women and shrine room for Gods and a Guest Room. They welcome visitors with tobacco leaves, fruits or other small gifts. Marriages in Gonds tribe are usually chosen by themselves. Later the tribal council approves the matches. The father of the Gond groom pays a price for the bride.